2018 Impact factor 2.481
Hadrons and Nuclei
Eur. Phys. J. A 15, 303-314 (2002)
DOI: 10.1140/epja/i2002-10037-5

$\mth{K^{+}}$ production in proton-nucleus reactions and the role of momentum-dependent potentials

Z. Rudy1, W. Cassing2, L. Jarczyk1, B. Kamys1 and P. Kulessa3, 4

1  M. Smoluchowski Institute of Physics, Jagellonian University, PL-30059 Cracow, Poland
2  Institut für Theoretische Physik, Justus Liebig Universität Giessen, D-35392 Giessen, Germany
3  Institut für Kernphysik, Forschungszentrum Jülich, D-52425 Jülich, Germany
4  W. Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, PL-31342, Cracow, Poland

Wolfgang.Cassing@theo.physik.uni-giessen.de

(Received: 28 January 2002 / Published online: 19 November 2002)

Abstract
The production of K+-mesons in proton-nucleus collisions from 1.0 to 2.5 GeV is analyzed with respect to one-step nucleon-nucleon ( $NN\rightarrow N Y K^+$) and two-step $\Delta$-nucleon ( $\Delta N \rightarrow K^+ Y N$) or pion-nucleon ( $\pi N \rightarrow K^+ Y$) production channels on the basis of a coupled-channel transport approach (CBUU) including the kaon final-state interactions. The influence of momentum-dependent potentials for the nucleon, hyperon and kaon in the final state are studied as well as the importance of K+ elastic rescattering in the target nucleus. The transport calculations are compared to the experimental K+ spectra taken at LBL Berkeley, SATURNE, CELSIUS, GSI and COSY-Jülich. It is found that the momentum-dependent baryon potentials affect the excitation function of the K+ cross-section; at low bombarding energies of $\sim 1.0$ GeV the attractive baryon potentials in the final state lead to a relative enhancement of the kaon yield, whereas the net repulsive potential at bombarding energies $\sim
2$ GeV causes a decrease of the K+ cross-section. Furthermore, it is pointed out that especially the K+ spectra at low momenta (or kinetic energy TK) allow to determine the in-medium K+ potential almost model independently due to a relative shift of the K+ spectra in kinetic energy that arises from the acceleration of the kaons when propagating out of the nuclear medium to free space, i.e. converting the potential energy to the kinetic energy of the free kaon.

PACS
13.60.Le - Meson production.
13.75.Jz - Kaon-baryon interactions.
14.40.Aq - $\pi$, K, and $\eta$ mesons.
25.40.-h - Nucleon-induced reactions.

© Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2002