Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Logarithmic corrections and soft photon phenomenology in the multipole model of the nucleon form factors
Research Institute of Physics, Southern Federal University, 344090, Rostov-on-Don, Russia
Accepted: 19 October 2007
Published online: 31 October 2007
We analyzed the presently available experimental data on nucleon electromagnetic form factors within a multipole model based on dispersion relations. A good fit of the data is achieved by considering the coefficients of the multipole expansions as logarithmic functions of the momentum transfer squared. The superconvergence relations, applied to this coefficients, makes the model agree with unitary constraints and pQCD asymptotics for the Dirac and Pauli form factors. The soft photon emission is proposed as a mechanism responsible for the difference between the Rosenbluth, polarization and beam-target asymmetry data. It is shown that the experimentally measured cross-sections depend not only on the Dirac and Pauli form factors, but also on the average number of the photons emitted. For the proton this number is shown to be different for different types of experimental measurements and then estimated phenomenologically. For the neutron the same mechanism predicts that the data form different types of experiments must coincide with high accuracy. A joint fit of all the experimental data reproduce the Q2-dependence with the accuracy χ2/dof = 0.86 . Predictions of the model, that 1) the ratios of the proton form factors G E/G M are different for Rosenbluth, polarization and beam-target asymmetry experiments and 2) similar ratios are nearly the same for neutron, can be used for experimental verification of the model.
PACS: 25.30.Bf Elastic electron scattering – / 13.40.Gp Electromagnetic form factors –
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag, 2007