Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
On parity-violating three-nucleon interactions and the predictive power of few-nucleon EFT at very low energies
Center for Nuclear Studies, Department of Physics, The George Washington University, 20052, Washington, DC, USA
Accepted: 23 July 2010
Published online: 9 August 2010
We address the typical strengths of hadronic parity-violating three-nucleon interactions in “pion-less” Effective Field Theory (EFT) in the nucleon-deuteron (iso-doublet) system. By analysing the superficial degree of divergence of loop diagrams, we conclude that no such interactions are needed at leading order, . The only two distinct parity-violating three-nucleon structures with one derivative mix and waves with iso-spin transitions I = 0 or 1. Due to their structure, they cannot absorb any divergence ostensibly appearing at next-to-leading order, . This observation is based on the approximate realisation of Wigner’s combined SU(4) spin-isospin symmetry in the two-nucleon system, even when effective-range corrections are included. Parity-violating three-nucleon interactions thus only appear beyond next-to-leading order. This guarantees renormalisability of the theory to that order without introducing new, unknown coupling constants and allows the direct extraction of parity-violating two-nucleon interactions from three-nucleon experiments.
© SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2010