Regular Article - Experimental Physics
Large-scale liquid scintillation detectors for solar neutrinos
Princeton University Princeton, 08544, Princeton, NJ, USA
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 3 July 2015
Published online: 8 April 2016
Large-scale liquid scintillation detectors are capable of providing spectral yields of the low energy solar neutrinos. These detectors require > 100 tons of liquid scintillator with high optical and radiopurity. In this paper requirements for low-energy neutrino detection by liquid scintillation are specified and the procedures to achieve low backgrounds in large-scale liquid scintillation detectors for solar neutrinos are reviewed. The designs, operations and achievements of Borexino, KamLAND and SNO+ in measuring the low-energy solar neutrino fluxes are reviewed.
© SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2016