Regular Article - Experimental Physics
The liquid-lithium target at the soreq applied research accelerator facility
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 91904, Jerusalem, Israel
2 Soreq Nuclear Research Center, 81800, Yavne, Israel
Accepted: 16 October 2022
Published online: 28 October 2022
Franz Käppeler and collaborators showed in the 1980’s that the Li(p, n)Be reaction can be used to produce a flux of neutrons having a stellar-like energy distribution, closely similar to that contributing to the slow (s) neutron capture process in massive stars. The Liquid-Lithium Target (LiLiT) at Phase I of the Soreq Applied Research Accelerator Facility (SARAF) was designed following the same physical principle. Owing to the high proton beam intensity of SARAF and the power dissipation of LiLiT, the facility provided a neutron intensity more than one order of magnitude higher than available with conventional solid Li targets. We review here our first collaboration with Franz Käppeler and his group, the LiLiT design and nuclear astrophysics research accomplished in recent years at the SARAF-LiLiT facility. An outlook to the research program with SARAF Phase II, currently in construction, is presented.
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