Cold events in thermal-neutron-induced fission of heavy nuclei
1 Institut für Theoretishe Physik, Justus-Liebig-Universität Giessen,
Heinrich-Buff-Ring 16, D-35392 Giessen, Germany
2 Instituto Superior de Ciencia y Tecnologías Nucleares, Ave. Salvador Allende y Luaces, P.O.Box. 6163, Havana 10600, Cuba
Received: 29 April 1998 / Revised version: 11 September 1998 Communicated by A. Schäfer
An interpretation of the cold fission events in thermal-neutron-induced fission of heavy nuclei is given. The descent from the saddle point is considered as a dynamical process with reversible coupling between collective and intrinsic degrees of freedom. The distribution function for the collective variables is expressed as a product of two terms: the adiabatical and the dynamical factors. A simple model for symmetric fission to study the mass distribution is presented. As example, the calculations are performed for the nucleus 264Fm. Gross features of the cold fission are discussed as well as the dependence of the theoretical mass distribution on the parameters of the model.
25.85.-w Fission reactions