2018 Impact factor 2.481
Hadrons and Nuclei
Eur. Phys. J. A 4, 313-317

Short Note

Strong enhancement of two-neutron transfer in the system 206Pb+118Sn

I. Peter1,3 - W. von Oertzen1,2 - H.G. Bohlen2 - A. Gadea3 - B. Gebauer2 - J. Gerl3 - M. Kaspar3 - I. Kozhoukharova - T. Kröll3 - M. Rejmund3 - C. Schlegel3 - S. Thummerer2 - H.J. Wollersheim3

1 Freie Universität Berlin, Fachbereich Physik, Arnimallee 14, D-14195 Berlin, Germany
2 Hahn-Meitner-Institut Berlin, Glienicker Strasse 100, D-14109 Berlin, Germany
3 Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung Darmstadt, Planckstrasse 1, D-64291 Darmstadt, Germany

Received: 18 December 1998 / Revised version: 23 February 1999 Communicated by D. Schwalm

One and two neutron transfer has been measured in the heaviest asymmetric nuclear system with semi magic nuclei showing superfluid properties, in 206Pb+118Sn collisions at an energy well below the Coulomb barrier with scattering orbits covering the largest angles. Particle-$\gamma$ coincidence techniques using 5 Euroball-Cluster detectors (EB) combined in a set-up with the Heidelberg-Darmstadt NaI-Crystal Ball (CB) have been used. Transfer channels are identified with EB via their known $\gamma$-decays of the lowest excited states. Using the unique feature of the set-up with the CB, transfer to well defined final states with known quantum numbers (without feeding) are selected using the high efficiency multiplicity filter of the CB (no second $\gamma$-ray). The data are analysed using the semiclassical approach and transfer probabilities are obtained. The enhancement for the two-neutron transfer populating the low lying superfluid 2+ state in 120Sn (and 116Sn), while the Pb-branch is in the groundstate is deduced by comparison with the strongest single neutron transfer transition. Large enhancements (EF$\simeq$103) are observed. This is the first direct measurement of enhancement for a heavy nuclear binary system with experimentally separated levels suggesting a strong contribution from superfluid pair transfer.

25.70.Hi Transfer reactions

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