2023 Impact factor 2.6
Hadrons and Nuclei

Eur. Phys. J. A 10, 109-117

Scalar mesons and glueball in a quark model allowing for gluon anomalies

M.K. Volkov and V.L. Yudichev

Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 141980 Dubna, Russia


(Received: 11 January 2001 / Revised version: 16 January 2001 Communicated by V.V. Anisovich)

This paper is a sequel of a previous one (Scalar mesons in a chiral quark model with glueball , Eur. Phys. J. A 8, 567 (2000)) where an attempt to construct an effective $U(3)\times U(3)$-symmetric meson Lagrangian with a scalar glueball was made. The glueball was introduced by using the dilaton model on the base of scale invariance. The scale invariance breaking because of current quark masses and the scale anomaly of QCD, reproduced by the dilaton potential, was taken into account. However, in the previous paper, the scale invariance breaking because of the terms like $h_{\phi}\phi_0^2$ and $h_{\sigma}\bar\sigma_0^2$, where $\phi_0$ and $\bar\sigma_0$ are the pseudoscalar and scalar isosinglets, was not taken into account. These terms are produced by the part of the 't Hooft interaction that is connected with gluon anomalies. Allowing for the scale invariance breaking by these terms has a decisive effect on the quarkonium-glueball mixing and noticeably changes the widths of glueball strong decays. Taking account of this additional source of the scale invariance breaking and its implications are the subject of the present work. It is also shown that in the decay of a glueball into four pions, the channel with two $\rho$-resonances dominates.

12.39.Ki - Relativistic quark model.
12.39.Mk - Glueball and nonstandard multiquark/gluon states.
13.25.-k - Hadronic decays of mesons.
14.40.-n - Mesons.

© Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2001