2018 Impact factor 2.481
Hadrons and Nuclei


Eur. Phys. J. A 12, 147-154 (2001)

Latest results from the HEIDELBERG-MOSCOW double beta decay experiment

H.V. Klapdor-Kleingrothaus1, A. Dietz1, L. Baudis1, G. Heusser1, I.V. Krivosheina1, B. Majorovits1, H. Paes1, H. Strecker1, V. Alexeev2, A. Balysh2, A. Bakalyarov2, S.T. Belyaev2, V.I. Lebedev2 and S. Zhukov2

1  Max-Planck-Institute für Kernphysik, Postfach 10 39 80, D-69029 Heidelberg, Germany
2  Russian Science Centre, Kurchatov Institute, 123 182 Moscow, Russia

klapdor@gustav.mpi-hd.mpg.de

(Received: 22 August 2001 Communicated by D. Schwalm)

Abstract
New results for the double beta decay of 76Ge are presented. They are extracted from data obtained with the HEIDELBERG-MOSCOW experiment, which operates five enriched 76Ge detectors in an extreme low-level environment in the Gran Sasso underground laboratory. The two-neutrino-accompanied double beta decay is evaluated for the first time for all five detectors with a statistical significance of 47.7 kg y resulting in a half-life of $T_{1/2}^{2\nu}=[1.55\pm0.01({\rm stat)} ^{+0.19}_{-0.15}({\rm syst})]\times
10^{21}$ y. The lower limit on the half-life of the $0\nu\beta\beta$ decay obtained with pulse shape analysis is $T_{1/2}^{0\nu} >
1.9\times10^{25} (3.1\times10^{25}$) y with 90% C.L. (68% C.L.) (with 35.5 kg y). This results in an upper limit of the effective Majorana-neutrino mass of 0.35 eV (0.27 eV) using the matrix elements of A. Staudt et al.'s work (Europhys. Lett. 13, 31 (1990)). This is the most stringent limit at present from double beta decay. No evidence for a majoron-emitting decay mode is observed.

PACS
14.60.Pq - Neutrino mass and mixing.
23.40.Bw - Weak-interaction and lepton (including neutrino) aspects.
23.40.-s - Beta decay; double beta decay; electron and muon capture.
12.60.Jv - Supersymmetric models.

© Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2001