2020 Impact factor 3.043
Hadrons and Nuclei
Eur. Phys. J. A 17, 77-82 (2003)
DOI: 10.1140/epja/i2002-10147-0

A remark on the large difference between the glueball mass and $\mth{T_{c}}$ in quenched QCD

N. Ishii1 and H. Suganuma2

1  Radiation Laboratory, The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN), 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan
2  Faculty of Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ohokayama, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8551, Japan


(Received: 18 November 2002 / Revised version: 16 January 2003 / Published online: 29 April 2003)

The lattice QCD studies indicate that the critical temperature $T_{\rm c}
\simeq 260\mbox{--}280$ MeV of the deconfinement phase transition in quenched QCD is considerably smaller than the lowest-lying glueball mass $m_{\rm G} \simeq 1500\mbox{--}1700$ MeV, i.e., $ T_{\rm c} \ll m_{\rm G}$. As a consequence of this large difference, the thermal excitation of the glueball in the confinement phase is strongly suppressed by the statistical factor $e^{-m_{\rm G}/T_{\rm c}} \simeq 0.00207$ even near $T
\simeq T_{\rm c}$ . We consider its physical implication, and argue the abnormal feature of the deconfinement phase transition in quenched QCD from the statistical viewpoint. To appreciate this, we demonstrate a statistical argument of the QCD phase transition using the recent lattice QCD data. From the phenomenological relation between $T_{\rm c}$ and the glueball mass, the deconfinement transition is found to take place in quenched QCD before a reasonable amount of glueballs is thermally excited. In this way, quenched QCD reveals a question "what is the trigger of the deconfinement phase transition ?"

12.38.Mh - Quark-gluon plasma.
12.38.Gc - Lattice QCD calculations.
12.39.Ba - Bag model.
12.39.Mk - Glueball and nonstandard multi-quark/gluon states.

© Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2003