Strong two-body decays of light mesons
Helmholtz-Insitut für Strahlen- und Kernphysik, Nußallee 14-16, D-53115, Bonn, Germany
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In this paper, we present results on strong two-body decay widths of light mesons calculated in a covariant quark model. The model is based on the Bethe-Salpeter equation in its instantaneous approximation and has already been used for computing the complete meson mass spectrum and many electroweak decay observables. Our approach relies on the use of a phenomenological confinement potential with an appropriate spinorial Dirac structure and ‘t Hooft’s instanton-induced interaction as a residual force for pseudoscalar and scalar mesons. The transition matrix element for the decay of one initial meson into two final mesons is evaluated in lowest order by considering conventional decays via quark loops as well as Zweig-rule-violating instanton-induced decays generated by the six-quark vertex of ‘t Hooft’s interaction; the latter mechanism only contributes if all mesons in the decay have zero total angular momentum. We show that the interference of both decay mechanisms plays an important role in the description of the partial widths of scalar and pseudoscalar mesons.
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag, 2003