The axial form factor of the nucleonElizabeth Beise
University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
(Received 01 November 2004 / Published online 08 February 2005)
The parity violation programs at MIT-Bates, Jefferson Lab and Mainz are presently focused on developing a better understanding of the sea-quark contributions to the vector matrix elements of nucleon structure. The success of these programs will allow precise semi-leptonic tests of the Standard Model such as that planned by the QWeak collaboration. In order to determine the vector matrix elements, a good understanding of the nucleon's axial vector form factor as seen by an electron, GeA, is also required. While the vector electroweak form factors provide information about the nucleon's charge and magnetism, the axial form factor is related to the nucleon's spin. Its Q2=0 value at leading order, gA, is well known from nucleon and nuclear beta decay, and its precise determination is of interest for tests of CKM unitarity. Most information about its Q2 dependence comes from quasielastic neutrino scattering and from pion electroproduction, and a recent reanalysis of the neutrino data have brought these two types of measurements into excellent agreement. However, these experiments are not sensitive to additional higher order corrections, such as nucleon anapole contributions, that are present in parity-violating electron scattering. In this talk I will attempt to review what is presently known about the axial form factor and its various pieces including the higher order contributions, discuss the various experimental sectors, and give an update on its determination through PV electron scattering.
PACS: 12.15.Lk Neutral currents - 11.30.Er Charge conjugation, parity, time reversal, and other discrete symmetries - 13.60.-r Photon and charged-lepton interactions with hadrons - 13.15.+g Neutrino interactions - 14.20.Dh Protons and neutrons
© Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2005