Statistical description of nuclear break-upA. S. Botvina1 and I. N. Mishustin2, 3
1 Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117312, Moscow, Russia
2 Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, J.W. Goethe University, D-60438, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
3 Kurchatov Institute, Russian Research Center, 123182, Moscow, Russia
(Received 27 October 2005 / Published online 17 October 2006)
We present an overview of concepts and results obtained with statistical models in the study of nuclear multifragmentation. Conceptual differences between statistical and dynamical approaches and the selection of experimental observables for identification of these processes are outlined. New and perspective developments, like inclusion of in-medium modifications of the properties of hot primary fragments, are discussed. We list important applications of statistical multifragmentation in other fields of research.
Key words: 25.70.Pq Multifragment emission and correlations -- 24.60.-k Statistical theory and fluctuations -- 21.65.+f Nuclear matter
© Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2006