Nuclear Structure and Reactions
Influence of momentum-dependent interactions on balance energy and mass dependence⋆
Physics Department, Panjab University, 160 014, Chandigarh, India
Accepted: 31 October 2006
Published online: 22 December 2006
We aim to understand the role of momentum-dependent interactions in transverse flow as well as in its disappearance. For the present study, central collisions involving masses between 24 and 394 are considered. We find that the momentum-dependent interactions have different impact in lighter colliding nuclei compared to heavier colliding nuclei. In lighter nuclei, the contribution of the mean field towards flow is smaller compared to heavier nuclei where binary nucleon-nucleon collisions dominate the scene. The inclusion of momentum-dependent interactions also explains the energy of the vanishing flow in the 12C + 12C reaction which otherwise was not possible with the static hard equation of state. An excellent agreement of our theoretical attempt is found for balance energy with experimental data throughout the periodic table.
PACS: 25.70.Pq Multifragment emission and correlations – / 25.70.-z Low and intermediate energy heavy-ion reactions –
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag, 2007