Structure functions at HERA
Faculty of Physical Sciences, University of Glasgow, G12 8QQ, Glasgow, UK
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 1 October 2006
Published online: 16 February 2007
HERA provides the key facility for the measurement of proton structure functions. Formalism and methods are outlined for the measurement and interpretation of inclusive structure functions, including the use of polarised e ± beams. The measurement of charm, beauty and photon structure functions is discussed, together with special runs at low proton energy for measurement of the longitudinal structure function. Finally, the functions accessed using polarised beams on polarised targets are indicated.
PACS: 13.60.-r Photon and charged-lepton interactions with hadrons – / 13.88.+e Polarisation in interactions and scattering – / 14.65.-q Quarks – / 14.70.Dj Gluons –
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag, 2007