Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Quark deconfinement in neutron star cores
School of Physics, Peking University, 100871, Beijing, China
Accepted: 2 November 2007
Published online: 23 November 2007
Whether or not the deconfined quark phase exists in neutron star cores is an open question. We use two realistic effective quark models, the three-flavor Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model and the modified quark-meson coupling model, to describe the neutron star matter. We show that the modified quark-meson coupling model, which is fixed by reproducing the saturation properties of nuclear matter, can be consistent with the experimental constraints from nuclear collisions. After constructing possible hybrid equations of state (EOSes) with an unpaired or color superconducting quark phase with the assumption of the sharp hadron-quark phase transition, we discuss the observational constraints from neutron stars on the EOSes. It is found that the neutron star with pure quark matter core is unstable and the hadronic phase with hyperons is denied, while hybrid EOSes with a two-flavor color superconducting phase or unpaired quark matter phase are both allowed by the tight and most reliable constraints from two stars Ter 5 I and EXO 0748-676. And the hybrid EOS with an unpaired quark matter phase is allowed even compared with the tightest constraint from the most massive pulsar star PSR J0751+1807.
PACS: 12.38.Mh Quark-gluon plasma – / 12.39.-x Phenomenological quark models – / 26.60.+c Nuclear matter aspects of neutron stars –
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag, 2007