Regular Article - Experimental Physics
Latest HERMES results on transverse spin effects in hadron structure and formation⋆
Dipartimento di Fisica, Polo Scientifico e Tecnologico - Edifico C, Università degli Studi di Ferrara, Via Saragat, 1, 44100, Ferrara, Italy
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Published online: 15 May 2008
Transverse target single-spin asymmetries in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering allow to study the so-called Collins and Sivers mechanisms. The first one connects the poorly known fundamental transversity distribution function, describing the transverse spin-polarization of quarks in a transversely polarized proton, to the Collins fragmentation function, describing spin-orbit correlations in the hadron formation process. The second one is sensitive to the Sivers function, which correlates the intrinsic transverse momentum of quarks with the proton’s spin orientation and is related to the orbital angular momentum of quarks. Preliminary results on azimuthal single target-spin asymmetries in semi-inclusive electro-production of pions and kaons at the HERMES experiment are presented. The full data set collected with a transversely polarized hydrogen target was analyzed providing the HERMES most precise results on the Collins and Sivers azimuthal moments.
PACS: 13.88.+e Polarization in interactions and scattering – / 14.20.Dh Protons and neutrons –
© SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2008