Microscopic approach to the nucleon-nucleon effective interaction and nucleon-nucleon scattering in symmetric and isospin-asymmetric nuclear matter
Physics Department, University of Idaho, 83844-0903, Moscow, ID, USA
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Revised: 15 July 2013
Accepted: 17 July 2013
Published online: 25 February 2014
After reviewing our microscopic approach to nuclear and neutron-rich matter, we focus on how nucleon-nucleon scattering is impacted by the presence of a dense hadronic medium, with special emphasis on the case where neutron and proton densities are different. We discuss in detail medium and isospin asymmetry effects on the total elastic cross section and the mean free path of a neutron or a proton in isospin-asymmetric nuclear matter. We point out that in-medium cross sections play an important role in heavy-ion simulations aimed at extracting constraints on the symmetry potential. We argue that medium and isospin dependence of microscopic cross sections are the result of a complex balance among various effects, and cannot be simulated with a simple phenomenological model.
© SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2014