Regular Article - Experimental Physics
TMDs and GPDs at a future Electron-Ion Collider
Jefferson Lab, 12000 Jefferson Avenue, 23606, Newport News, VA, USA
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 5 May 2016
Published online: 21 June 2016
In the U.S., an Electron-Ion Collider (EIC) of energy -100 GeV is under design, with two options studied at Brookhaven National Lab and Jefferson Laboratory. The recent 2015 US Nuclear Science Long-Range Planning effort included a future EIC as a recommendation for future construction. The EIC will be unique in colliding polarised electrons off polarised protons and light nuclei, providing the spin degrees of freedom essential to pursue its physics program driven by spin structure, multi-dimensional tomographic images of protons and nuclei, and discovery of the role of collective effects of gluons in nuclei. The foreseen luminosity of the EIC, coupled with its energy variability and reach, will allow unprecedented three-dimensional imaging of the gluon and sea quark distributions, via both TMDs and GPDs, and to explore correlations amongst them. Its hermetic detection capability of correlated fragments promises to similarly allow for precise tomographic images of the quark-gluon landscape in nuclei, transcending from light few-body nuclei to the heaviest nuclei, and could uncover how the TMD and GPD landscape changes when gluons display an anticipated collective behavior at the higher energies.
© SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2016