Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Studies on cluster decay from trans-lead nuclei using different versions of nuclear potentials
School of Pure and Applied Physics, Kannur University, Swami Anandatheertha Campus, 670327, Payyanur, Kerala, India
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Accepted: 3 May 2017
Published online: 23 June 2017
The cluster decays from various isotopes of trans-lead nuclei have been studied using 12 different nuclear potentials by evaluating decay half-lives and are then compared with the available experimental data. The study has shown that the barrier penetrability as well as the decay half-lives varies with the nuclear potential used. The standard deviation of the estimated half-lives is also calculated for these twelve nuclear potentials in comparison with the experimental data. The potential Bass 1980 is found to be the most appropriate potential for studying cluster radioactivity as the standard deviation obtained is least. Among the different proximity potential versions; proximity 1977, proximity 1988, proximity 2000, and modified proximity 2000, the minimum standard deviation is for proximity 1988. The Geiger-Nuttall (G-N) plots studied for different cluster emissions from various parents are observed to show linear behavior but with different slopes and intercepts. Again, the G-N plots obtained are linear with different slopes and intercepts when plotted for different nuclear potentials. So it is observed that with the inclusion of different nuclear potentials, the linearity of the G-N plot remains unaltered. Irrespective of the nuclear potential used, the universal curve ( vs. ) studied for various clusters emitted from various parents are obtained as linear with same slope and intercept.
© SIF, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, 2017