Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Charge distribution in the ternary fragmentation of 252Cf
Department of Physics, Bharathiar University, 641046, Coimbatore, India
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Accepted: 21 July 2017
Published online: 24 August 2017
We present here, for the first time, a study on ternary fragmentation charge distribution of 252Cf using the convolution integral method and the statistical theory. The charge distribution for all possible charge combinations of a ternary breakup are grouped as a bin containing different mass partitions. Different bins corresponding to various third fragments with mass numbers from to 84 are identified with the available experimental masses. The corresponding potential energy surfaces are calculated using the three cluster model for the two arrangements and . The ternary fragmentation yield values are calculated for the ternary combination from each bin possessing minimum potential energy. The yields of the resulting ternary combinations as a function of the charge numbers of the three fragments are analyzed for both the arrangements. The calculations are carried out at different excitation energies of the parent nucleus. For each excitation energy the temperature of the three fragments are iteratively computed conserving the total energy. The distribution of fragment temperatures corresponding to different excitation energies for some fixed third fragments are discussed. The presence of the closed shell nucleus Sn in the favourable ternary fragmentation is highlighted.
© SIF, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, 2017