Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Transverse energy per charged particle in heavy-ion collisions: Role of collective flow
Discipline of Physics, School of Basic Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Indore, Simrol, Khandwa Road, 453552, Indore, India
* e-mail: Raghunath.Sahoo@cern.ch
Accepted: 6 February 2018
Published online: 7 March 2018
The ratio of (pseudo)rapidity density of transverse energy and the (pseudo)rapidity density of charged particles, which is a measure of the mean transverse energy per particle, is an important observable in high energy heavy-ion collisions. This ratio reveals information about the mechanism of particle production and the freeze-out criteria. Its collision energy and centrality dependence is almost similar to the chemical freeze-out temperature until top Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) energy. The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) measurement at TeV brings up new challenges towards understanding the phenomena like gluon saturation and role of collective flow, etc. being prevalent at high energies, which could contribute to the above observable. Statistical Hadron Gas Model (SHGM) with a static fireball approximation has been successful in describing both the centrality and energy dependence until top RHIC energies. However, the SHGM predictions for higher energies lie well below the LHC data. In order to understand this, we have incorporated collective flow in an excluded-volume SHGM (EV-SHGM). Our studies suggest that the collective flow plays an important role in describing E T/N ch and it could be one of the possible parameters to explain the rise observed in E T/N ch from RHIC to LHC energies. Predictions are made for E T/N ch , participant pair normalized-transverse energy per unit rapidity and the Bjorken energy density for Pb+Pb collisions at TeV at the Large Hadron Collider.
© SIF, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2018