Regular Article –Theoretical Physics
Fine structure of decay from the time-dependent pairing equations
Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, P.O. Box MG-6, 077125, Bucharest, Magurele, Romania
2 Academy of Romanian Scientists, Splaiul Independentei 54, 050094, Bucharest, Romania
Accepted: 5 May 2020
Published online: 25 May 2020
The decay half-lives and the fine structure phenomenon are investigated with fission-like models. A superasymmetric fission path in a configuration space spanned by five degrees of freedom is determined in accordance with the least action principle. The deformation energy is evaluated within the macroscopic–microscopic approach while the inertia is obtained in the framework of the cranking model. The single particle levels schemes are calculated connecting the ground state of the parent nucleus and the asymptotic configuration of two separated nuclei. The probabilities to find different seniority configurations are obtained by solving time-dependent pairing equations generalized by including the Landau–Zener effect and the Coriolis coupling. The microscopic equations of motion for even numbers of particles are deduced, those for odd-nuclear systems being obtained in previous works. The models used in the calculations are reviewed within a detailed description. The microscopic equations of motion are solved by starting from the ground state configuration and arriving at the scission point. A description of all the possible configurations at scission together with their realization probabilities is given. By fitting the inter-nuclear velocity, the best agreement between experimental and theoretical hindrance factors is retained. The theoretical results for the decay half-lives for Po and Bi are compared with experimental data showing discrepancies ranging over three orders of magnitude. The accuracy of the model concerning the calculations of the half-lives for different channels is discussed. The connections between the classical theories concerning the preformation of the particle and the fission-like descriptions are highlighted.
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020