Special Article - New Tools and Techniques
Production of quasi-stellar neutron field at explosive stellar temperatures
Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 91904, Jerusalem, Israel
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 22 May 2020
Published online: 30 May 2020
Neutron-induced reactions on unstable isotopes play a key role in the nucleosynthesis i-, r-, p-, rp- and -processes occurring in astrophysical scenarios. While direct cross section measurements are possible for long-lived unstable isotopes using the neutron Time-of-Flight method, the currently available neutron intensities ( n/s) require large samples which are not feasible for shorter-lived isotopes. For the last three decades, the Li(p, n) reaction has been used with thick lithium targets to provide a neutron field at a stellar temperature of 0.3 GK with significantly higher intensity, allowing the successful measurement of many cross sections along the s-process path. In this paper we describe a novel method to use this reaction to produce neutron fields at temperatures of 1.5–3.5 GK, relevant to scenarios such as convective shell C/Ne burning, explosive Ne/C burning, and core-collapse supernovae. This method will enable the use of high intensity proton beams with thick lithium targets to provide several orders of magnitude increase in the available neutron intensity relative to state-of-the-art neutron Time-of-Flight facilities, hence will allow direct cross section measurements of many important reactions at explosive temperatures, such as Al(n, p), Se(n, p) and Ni(n, p).
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2020