Regular Article – Theoretical Physics
Centrality dependence of electrical and Hall conductivity at RHIC and LHC energies for a conformal system
Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Indore, Simrol, 453552, Indore, India
Accepted: 6 January 2021
Published online: 1 February 2021
In this work, we study electrical conductivity and Hall conductivity in the presence of electromagnetic field using Relativistic Boltzmann Transport Equation with Relaxation Time Approximation. We evaluate these transport coefficients for a strongly interacting system consisting of nearly massless particles which is similar to Quark-Gluon Plasma and is likely to be formed in heavy-ion collision experiments. We explicitly include the effects of magnetic field in the calculation of relaxation time. The values of magnetic field are obtained for all the centrality classes of Au + Au collisions at 200 GeV and Pb + Pb collisions at 2.76 TeV. We consider the three lightest quark flavors and their corresponding antiparticles in this study. We estimate the temperature dependence of the electrical conductivity and Hall conductivity for different strengths of magnetic field. We observe a significant dependence of temperature on electrical and Hall conductivity in the presence of magnetic field.
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2021