Holographic QCD and magnetic fields
Institute for Theoretical Physics, Utrecht University, Leuvenlaan 4, 3584 CE, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Accepted: 12 July 2021
Published online: 26 July 2021
We review the holographic approach to electromagnetic phenomena in large N QCD. After a brief discussion of earlier holographic models, we concentrate on the improved holographic QCD model extended to involve magnetically induced phenomena. We explore the influence of magnetic fields on the QCD ground state, focusing on (inverse) magnetic catalysis of chiral condensate, investigate the phase diagram of the theory as a function of magnetic field, temperature and quark chemical potential, and, finally discuss effects of magnetic fields on the quark–anti-quark potential, shear viscosity, speed of sound and magnetization.
© The Author(s) 2021
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