Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Imposing multi-physics constraints at different densities on the neutron Star Equation of State
Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Post Bag 4, Pune University Campus, Ganeshkhind, 411007, Pune, India
2 Institut für Theoretische Physik, Goethe Universität, Max von Laue Str. 1, 60438, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Accepted: 2 February 2022
Published online: 28 February 2022
Neutron star matter spans a wide range of densities, from that of nuclei at the surface to exceeding several times normal nuclear matter density in the core. While terrestrial experiments, such as nuclear or heavy-ion collision experiments, provide clues about the behaviour of dense nuclear matter, one must resort to theoretical models of neutron star matter to extrapolate to higher density and finite neutron/proton asymmetry relevant for neutron stars. In this work, we explore the parameter space within the framework of the Relativistic Mean Field model allowed by present uncertainties compatible with state-of-the-art experimental data. We apply a cut-off filter scheme to constrain the parameter space using multi-physics constraints at different density regimes: chiral effective field theory, nuclear and heavy-ion collision data as well as multi-messenger astrophysical observations of neutron stars. Using the results of the study, we investigate possible correlations between nuclear and astrophysical observables.
© The Author(s) 2022
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