Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
A new class of hybrid EoS with multiple critical endpoints for simulations of supernovae, neutron stars and their mergers
Institute of Theoretical Physics, University of Wroclaw, Max Born place 9, 50-204, Wroclaw, Poland
Accepted: 31 July 2022
Published online: 16 August 2022
We introduce a family of equations of state (EoS) for hybrid neutron star (NS) matter that is obtained by a two-zone parabolic interpolation between a soft hadronic EoS at low densities and a stiff quark matter EoS with color superconductivity at high densities within a finite region of baryonic chemical potentials . We consider two scenarios corresponding to a cross-over and a strong first-order transition between quark and hadron phases considered at finite and zero temperatures. This allows us to analyze the effects of finite entropy on the EoS and mass-radius relation of NS. We demonstrate that the formation of a color superconducting state of quark matter drives the evolution of matter in supernovae explosions under the condition of entropy conservation to higher temperatures than in the case of deconfinement to normal quark matter. Within the presented hybrid EoS scenario, regions of the QCD phase diagram may be accessible to supernovae and NS mergers that can be reached also in terrestrial experiments with relativistic heavy ion collisions.
© The Author(s) 2022
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