Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Dilepton helical production in a vortical quark-gluon plasma
School of Physics and Astronomy, Sun Yat-Sen University, 519082, Zhuhai, China
Accepted: 17 August 2022
Published online: 7 September 2022
In this paper, we propose an observable counting a weighted difference between right-handed and left-handed lepton pairs, which is coined dilepton helical rate. The weight is the momentum difference of the lepton pairs projected onto an auxiliary vector. We derive the helical rate in a quark-gluon plasma with a vorticity in the limit when the quark and lepton masses are ignored. We find the helical rate is maximized when the auxiliary vector is parallel to the vorticity, in which case it has a nearly spherical oblate ellipsoidal distribution. We propose that it can be used as a vortical-meter for quark-gluon plasma.
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