Regular Article - Experimental Physics
Fission-stability of high-K states in superheavy nuclei
GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, 64291, Darmstadt, Germany
Accepted: 25 November 2022
Published online: 13 December 2022
Fission is the one of the primary radioactive decay modes for the heaviest nuclei and ultimately determines the existence of the heaviest elements on a macroscopic time scale, e.g., s. The present experimental data on the decay properties of the heaviest nuclei with proton numbers 102–118 and/or of neutron numbers up to 177 show that fission occurs occasionally. This confirms that shell structure plays an essential role for their stability against fission. The shell effect on fission manifests in both collective and single-particle ways, which can experimentally be studied in decays of even–even, odd-A and odd–odd nuclei. At the same time, high-K states formed in couplings of quasiparticles are also known to be stable against fission. However, detailed knowledge and theoretical descriptions on a retardation effect/strength of high-K quantum number on fission are still scarce. In the present work, fission from high-K states are discussed and described within the semi-empirical approach. Fission half-lives are calculated for various high-K states, which have been theoretically predicted to exist in Fm-Rf (Z = 100–104) and Hs-Ds (Z = 108–112). The results are found to be in line with the available experimental findings, and also leading to different intriguing predictions, e.g., high-K states in superheavy nuclei tend to be more stable against fission compared to their ground states.
© The Author(s) 2022
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