Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Electromagnetic interaction of low transverse momentum charged leptons with heavy nuclei in ultra-peripheral ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions
Institute of Nuclear Physics Polish Academy of Sciences, Radzikowskiego 152, 31342, Kraków, Poland
2 College of Natural Sciences, Institute of Physics, University of Rzeszów, Pigonia 1, 35310, Rzeszów, Poland
Accepted: 27 November 2022
Published online: 14 December 2022
The photon–photon interaction in ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collision is a source of the charged lepton pairs. The photon-photon fusion leads to the lepton creation in broad configuration space around the “collision” point. Those created close to heavy nuclei may undergo strong electromagnetic interaction with them. The impact parameter space distributions of electrons/positrons and charged muons are calculated within the b-space EPA model of such collisions. The evolution of and distributions due to the electromagnetic interaction of leptons with nuclei is studied, and the distortion of rapidity and transverse momentum distributions are shown. A part of the analysis is independent of the production model. We show the first exploratory results for the reaction Pb + Pb at 17.3 GeV (SPS) and 200 GeV (RHIC) energies. We provide results for selected creation points and when integrating over their positions as dictated by the b-space EPA model. We observe sizeable effects for and much smaller effects for . We predict a possible sizeable accumulation of leptons with rapidities close to the beam rapidity. The EM effects lead to asymmetry in the production of and or and .
© The Author(s) 2022
Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.