Regular Article - Experimental Physics
Production cross sections of natZn(α,x)68,69Ge,66,67Ga,65Zn reactions up to 46.3 MeV
Radiochemistry Division (BARC), Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, 1/AF, Bidhan Nagar, 700064, Kolkata, India
2 Radiochemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, 400085, Mumbai, India
3 Homi Bhabha National Institute, Anushaktinagar, 400094, Mumbai, India
Accepted: 6 December 2022
Published online: 29 December 2022
Three medicinally important radioisotopes of Ga, 66,67,68Ga, having half-lives ranging from minutes to days, could be produced from natZn(α,x) reactions. They have different applications in diagnosis and therapy in nuclear medicine depending on their decay properties and half-lives. 68Ge (T1/2 = 270.95 days) produced from natZn(α,x) reactions decays to 68Ga (T1/2 = 67.71 min) via electron capture (100%). So 68Ga can be produced for its practical application in medicine using 68Ge/68Ga generator where in-house medical cyclotron facilities are unavailable. Production and radiochemical separation of a particular radioisotope from natural zinc target with minimum contamination from other isotopes require accurate activation cross section data of all the produced radionuclides. Activation cross sections of long-lived radioisotopes of 68,69Ge, 66,67Ga and 65Zn produced from alpha irradiation of natural Zn targets were measured from their respective threshold up to 46.3 MeV. Using the experimentally measured cross section data and stopping power of natural Zn, thick target yields were calculated for these medicinally important radionuclides. The experimentally measured cross section data were compared with the earlier published literature data and theoretical data from TENDL-2021 nuclear data library based on the TALYS-1.96 code. Cross section data of the present work are found to be in good agreement with the literature data within experimental uncertainties for 68Ge, 66Ga and 65Zn while there are significant differences for 67Ga and 69Ge.
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2022. Springer Nature or its licensor (e.g. a society or other partner) holds exclusive rights to this article under a publishing agreement with the author(s) or other rightsholder(s); author self-archiving of the accepted manuscript version of this article is solely governed by the terms of such publishing agreement and applicable law.