Perspective on superconducting qubit quantum computing
EPITA, Paris, France
Accepted: 12 April 2023
Published online: 2 May 2023
This perspective describes the history, scientific and technology developments of superconducting qubit-based quantum computers, which are currently dominant, particularly with industry vendors. Adopting an engineering viewpoint, it showcases the great diversity of technology options, explains how superconducting qubit chipsets are manufactured, describes some challenges with how qubits are driven by classical electronics, how to improve their fidelities and how their energetic footprint can be optimized. We also briefly describe the current status of so-called NISQ (noisy intermediate scale quantum) computers and the resource estimations to run their potential use cases, particularly for running quantum many-body physics simulations.
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