The structure of hadrons
Succesful renormalization of a QCD-inspired Hamiltonian
Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, D-69029 Heidelberg
Published online: 12 February 2004
The long standing problem of non perturbative renormalization of a gauge field theoretical Hamiltonian is addressed and explicitly carried out within an (effective) light-cone Hamiltonian approach to QCD. The procedure is in line with the conventional ideas: The Hamiltonian is first regulated by suitable cut-off functions, and subsequently renormalized by suitable counter terms to make it cut-off independent. Emphasized is the considerable freedom in the cut-off function which eventually can modify the Coulomb potential of two charges at sufficiently small distances. The approach provides new physical insight into nature of gauge theory and the potential energy of QCD and QED near the origin. The so obtained formalism is applied to physical mesons with a different flavor of quark and anti-quark. The excitation spectrum of the ρ-meson with its excellent agreement between theory and experiment is discussed as a pedagogical example.
PACS: codes. – 11.10.Ef - / codes. – 12.38.Aw - / codes. – 12.38.Lg - / codes. – 12.39.-x -
© Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2004