The structure of hadrons
Viewing the proton through “color” filters
Department of Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
Published online: 12 February 2004
While the form factors and parton distributions provide separately the shape of the proton in coordinate and momentum spaces, a more powerful imaging of the proton structure can be obtained through quantum phase-space distributions. Here we introduce the Wigner-type quark and gluon distributions which depict a full-3D proton at every fixed Feynman momentum, like what is seen through momentum(“color”)-filters. After appropriate reductions, the phase-space distributions are related to the generalized parton distributions (GPDs) and transverse-momentum dependent parton distributions measurable in high-energy experiments.
PACS: codes. – 12.90.+b - proton structure / codes. – 13.60.Fz - high-energy scattering
© Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2004