Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Relativistic dissipative hydrodynamics with extended matching conditions for ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions
Department of Physics, Faculty of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Tokyo City University, 158-8557, Tokyo, Japan
Accepted: 12 June 2012
Published online: 28 November 2012
Recently we proposed a novel approach to the formulation of relativistic dissipative hydrodynamics by extending the so-called matching conditions in the Eckart frame (Phys. Rev. C 85, 14906 (2012)). We extend this formalism further to the arbitrary local rest frame. We discuss the stability and causality of solutions of fluid equations which are obtained by applying this formulation to the Landau-Lifshitz frame, which is more relevant to treat the fluid produced in ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions. We derive equations of motion for a relativistic dissipative fluid with zero baryon chemical potential and show that linearized equations obtained from them are stable against small perturbations. It is found that conditions for a fluid to be stable against infinitesimal perturbations are equivalent to imposing restrictions that the sound wave, , propagating in the fluid, must not exceed the speed of light c, i.e., . This conclusion is equivalent to that obtained in the previous paper using the Eckart frame (Phys. Rev. C 85, 14906 (2012)).
© SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2012