Regular Article – Theoretical Physics
Production of light nuclei in heavy ion collisions via hagedorn resonances
Institut für Theoretische Physik, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main, Max-von-Laue-Str. 1, 60438, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Accepted: 14 December 2020
Published online: 17 February 2021
The physical processes behind the production of light nuclei in heavy ion collisions are unclear. The successful theoretical description of experimental yields by thermal models conflicts with the very small binding energies of the observed states, being fragile in such a hot and dense environment. Other available ideas are delayed production via coalescence, or a cooling of the system after the chemical freeze-out according to a Saha equation, or a ‘quench’ instead of a thermal freeze-out. A recently derived prescription of an (interacting) Hagedorn gas is applied to consolidate the above pictures. The tabulation of decay rates of Hagedorn states into light nuclei allows to calculate yields usually inaccessible due to very poor Monte Carlo statistics. Decay yields of stable hadrons and light nuclei are calculated. While the scale-free decays of Hagedorn states alone are not compatible with the experimental data, a thermalized hadron and Hagedorn state gas is able to describe the experimental data. Applying a cooling of the system according to a Saha-equation with conservation of nucleon and anti-nucleon numbers leads to (nearly) temperature independent yields, thus a production of the light nuclei at temperatures much lower than the chemical freeze-out temperature is compatible with experimental data and with the statistical hadronization model.
© The Author(s) 2021
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