Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Contributions of SU(3) higher-order interaction operators to rotational bands in the interacting boson model
Instituto de Física y Matemáticas, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo, Edificio C-3, Apdo. Postal 2-82, 58040, Morelia, Michoacán, Mexico
2 Instituto de Física, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, Álvaro Obregón 64, Zona Centro, 78000, San Luis Potosí, SLP, Mexico
Accepted: 20 March 2022
Published online: 6 April 2022
Rotational bands are commonly used in the analysis of the spectra of atomic nuclei. The early version of the interacting boson model of Arima and Iachello has been foundational to the description of rotations in nuclei. The model is based on a unitary spectrum generating algebra U(6) and an orthogonal (angular momentum) symmetry algebra SO(3). A solvable limit of the model contains SU(3) in its dynamical symmetry chain. The corresponding Hamiltonian is written as a linear combination of linear and quadratic Casimir invariants of all the algebras in the chain. The limit of exact dynamical symmetry, however, is rarely fulfilled by realistic systems, so the symmetry needs be broken. A suitable mechanism to do so is the partial dynamical symmetry approach. Prompted by these facts, the aim of this work is to construct higher-order SU(3) interaction terms in both the limit of exact and broken symmetry, which can be used in the description of rotational bands of nuclei. For this task, a systematic algebraic approach, loosely referred here to as the projection operator technique, will be extensively used to obtain those operators that make up the n-body terms in the corresponding Hamiltonians. This novel technique is thus proved to be quite efficient for these purposes.
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2022