2020 Impact factor 3.043
Hadrons and Nuclei

EPJ A Highlight - Analysing Coulomb-excitation experiments with exotic beams

Dedicated detection arrays for particle--ray coincidences are now routinely in use at radioactive-ion beam facilities around the world.

This paper presents a number of novel and alternative analysis techniques to extract transition strengths and quadrupole moments from Coulomb excitation data with Radioactive Ion Beams (RIBs) using the GOSIA code. It is anticipated that related approaches and techniques will gain an even greater importance as a wider range of post-accelerated RIBs becomes available at the next generation of ISOL facilities.

Indeed, recent advances in RIB technology, in particular the increasing range of species and post-acceleration energies available from ISOL facilities, have led to a resurgence of the use of nuclear reactions to study the structure of nuclei. Specifically, Coulomb excitation at safe energies, where the surfaces of the colliding nuclei are kept apart (typically 2-5 MeV/A), is now giving unrivalled information on the electromagnetic properties of exotic nuclei, leading to knowledge of the nuclear shape or, more precisely, the charge distribution of individual states. The usefulness of the technique to extract key nuclear-structure information has been demonstrated since the 1960's with stable beam and target combinations.

The paper addresses the situation where new challenges present themselves when studying exotic nuclei, including dealing with low statistics or number of data points, absolute and relative normalization of the measured cross sections and a lack of complementary experimental data, such as excited-state lifetimes, mixing and branching ratios.

David Blaschke, Thomas Duguet and Maria Jose Garcia Borge
We are grateful to the referees for their very detailed review of our manuscript and for the important remarks and corrections. The referees are very nice experts of the subject of the paper. The manuscript has been revised with our pleasure. Thank you very much for the choice of the referees who were high level experts and kind scientists.

Avazbek Nasirov, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Moscow Region, Russian Federation

ISSN (Electronic Edition): 1434-601X

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